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The following table summarizes the main sexually transmitted diseases.
The causative agent, symptoms and prevention modes are listed.
|HPV||Warts formation in the anogenital or cervical region||Avoid contact with contaminated persons; use a condom. There are vaccines.|
|Genital Herpes||HSV type 2 (virus)||Appearance of vesicles (blisters) typical in the ano-genital region.||Avoid self-inoculation, ie prevent - by handling the lesions - the person spreading the causative agent to other locations; avoid contagion through the sexual act.|
|AIDS||HIV (retrovirus)||Drop in immunity, weight loss, weakness, fever, ganglia. Appearance of opportunistic infections.|
Do not come in contact with HIV-transmitting fluids (blood, sperm, vagina fluid, contaminated breast milk); use condoms regardless of who the partner is; Do not share needles or syringes.
Haemophilus ducreye (bacterium)
|Formation of a wound in the penis or anal region, painful, with clear discharge. It predominates in males.||Avoid self-inoculation avoid contagion through carrier partners.|
|Gonorrhea (blenorrhagia)||Neisseria gonorrhoeae||Itching, purulent discharge, burning urination, multiple urination (urination several times). It can lead to infertility.||Avoid multiple partners; use a condom; in newborns; drip diluted silver nitrate solution into the conjunctiva of the eye.|
|Syphilis||Treponema pallidum (bacterium)||Wound covered with clear discharge, with pus (hard cancer), little painful. It can lead to complications in the central nervous system and cardiovascular system.||Use condoms regularly, reduce the number of sexual partners; make early diagnosis in women of reproductive age and their partners; perform the VDRL test (for syphilis identification) on women who express their intention to become pregnant.|
|Trichomoniasis||Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan)||Yellowish, fetid vaginal discharge and painful urination. The man is usually asymptomatic carrier.||Avoid sexual contact with carriers.|
|Venerian lymphogranuloma buba "mule"||Chlamydia trachomatis||At first, vesicles at the bacteria penetration site. Next, the formation of languages (swollen lymph nodes), which develop into a reddish and painful swelling known as "mule".||Avoid sexual contact with carriers.|
|Phthirus pubis ("boring", an arthropod)||Itching (itching), minor injuries (abrasions) and secondary bacterial infections.||Avoid contact with carriers and encourage personal hygiene and proper laundry.|
|Hepatitis B||Hepatitis B virus||Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eye conjunctiva). Abdominal pain. Hepatical cirrhosis. Hepatic insufficiency. Liver cancer.||Avoid sexual contact with carriers. There is a vaccine.|
|Hepatitis C||Hepatitis C virus||Jaundice, fever, easy tiredness. It may progress to liver cancer.||Avoid sexual contact with carriers. For now, there is no vaccine.|