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It is the association in which only one species (tenant) benefits by seeking shelter or support in the body of another species (host) without harming it.

It is an association similar to commensalism, not involving food. Examples:

  • Garfish and Holoturia - Gar has a thin and elongated body and protects against the action of predators sheltering inside the holoturias (sea cucumbers) without harming them.
  • Epiphytism - Epiphytes (epi, top) are plants that grow on larger trunks without parasitizing them. Epiphytes are orchids and bromeliads that, living on trees, obtain a greater supply of sunlight.


  1. Togar

    the analogues exist?

  2. Kotori

    It was interesting to see !!!

  3. Attis

    I am sorry, this variant does not approach me. Perhaps there are still variants?

  4. Denton

    It's a pity that I can't speak now - I'm forced to go away. But I will be released - I will definitely write that I think on this question.

  5. Cheval

    You commit an error. I can prove it. Write to me in PM.

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